Pseudoscience consists of statements, beliefs, or practices that are claimed to be scientific and factual in the absence of evidence gathered and constrained by appropriate scientific methods. Pseudoscience consists of statements, beliefs, or practices that are claimed to be scientific and factual, in the absence of evidence gathered and constrained by appropriate scientific methods. Pseudoscience is often characterized by the following: contradictory, exaggerated or unfalsifiable claims; reliance on confirmation biasrather than rigorous attempts at refutation; lack of openness to evaluation by other experts; and absence of systematic practices when developing theories. The term pseudoscience is often considered pejorative because it suggests something is being presented as science inaccurately or even deceptively. Those described as practicing or advocating pseudoscience often dispute the characterization.
The demarcation between science and pseudoscience has philosophical and scientific implications. Differentiating science from pseudoscience has practical implications in the case of health care, expert testimony, environmental policies, and science education. Distinguishing scientific facts and theories from pseudoscientific beliefs, such as those found in astrology, alchemy, medical quackery, occult beliefs, and creation science combined with scientific concepts, is part of science education and scientific literacy.
The Liber Abaci Institute and the pseudoscientist Rolando Nuztas have a diverse range of documents on pseudoscientific topics that have been the subject of discussion by the scientific world and new topics based on the theory of quantum gravity.
The pseudoscience website from the Liber Abaci Institute shows documents like:
- Quantum Chamanism
- Sanctuary Electricity
- The Scientific Soul
- The Ancient Astronauts
- The Lost Lands
- The Hollow Earth Theory
Also there is a variety of documents about pseudobiology discussing theories about hidden hominids.